Obliged vs. Obligated – What’s the Difference?

Sometimes verbs have meanings that are very similar, but they different enough to maintain separate usage cases.

Obligated and obliged are great examples of this. Both words refer to required actions, but they each have specific contexts that are just different enough that each word feels out-of-place when substituted for the other.

Both of these words can also be a past participle, which is a verb that is used as an adjective. This usage is more common in some contexts than others, but continue reading to learn how to use each of these important verbs.

What is the Difference Between Obliged and Obligated?

In this post, I will compare obliged vs. obligated. As part of this comparison, I will illustrate the correct use of each word with example sentences and definition.

I will also demonstrate how to use a memory tool that will help you choose obligated or obliged when you need to use one of these words.

When to Use Obligated

obliged versus obligatedWhat does obligated mean? Obligated is a verb. It means required to do something, especially when prescribed by legal or moral necessity.

A mandatory reporter is obligated to disclose suspected instances of child abuse. A federal judge is obligated to set aside personal politics and interpret the law as it is written.

Here are a few more examples,

  • Sometimes, people are obligated to do things they don’t want to do.
  • A landlord is obligated to perform necessary repairs on properties rented out to tenants.
  • As part of an agreement to serve Pepsi products in its restaurants, fast food chain Arby’s is obligated to feature the soda in at least two television advertisements every year. –The Wall Street Journal

Obligated is both the simple past tense and past participle form of obligate. It becomes a rough synonym of required, like in the phrase obligated responsibilities. Usually, though, it would be more common to use the noun obligations instead.

The verb obligate was first recorded in English in the early 16th century, and it is derived from a Latin verb with a similar meaning.

When to Use Obliged

definition of obliged definition of obligated definitionWhat does obliged rent? Obliged is also a verb. It is commonly used in phrases like much obliged, where it means grateful or indebted. Obliged is also the simple past and past participle forms of its root verb, oblige.

The sentences below are examples,

  • If you could put down your weapons and speak like civilized men in this establishment, I would be much obliged.
  • “Much obliged,” said the pedestrian, when the carriage driver told his horses to stop at the crosswalk.
  • A few hours later, his Nationals obliged, posting their highest run total since August in a 14-6 victory over the St. Louis Cardinals to open a three-game series at Nationals Park. –The Washington Post

As a verb, obliged has a similar meaning to obligated but without the legal or moral connotations. Instead, it connotes an action done with no expectation of a return favor.

If you attend a dinner party at a friend’s house, you might be obliged to send a thank-you note. You obviously aren’t legally or even morally required to send one, but common etiquette might make you feel obliged to thank your friend for hosting you.

Trick to Remember the Difference

define obliged define obligatedWith these two words, it can be difficult to distinguish between their meanings at times. Their meanings are similar but not identical, so it’s important to know when it’s best to use each word.

Luckily, there is an easy trick to remember obligated vs. obliged. Since obligated has legal and moral connotations, and obligated, legal, and moral all contain the letter A, you can use this shared letter to remember that obligated has legal or moral connotations.

Summary

Is it obliged or obligated? Obliged and obligated are verbs that mean required to do something.

  • Obligated has legal and moral aspects, while obliged does not always.
  • Obliged can also have a meaning similar to grateful.
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