Ingrained or Engrained – What is the Difference?

Have you ever had an ingrown toenail? They are painful, and you’re lucky if you have never experienced one.

While having nothing to do with our words today (ingrained vs. engrained) some people mistakenly think that ingrain and engrain are related to the word ingrown. Ingrain and ingrown are completely different words, however, and neither of them is related to the other.

With that out of the way, let’s look at the differences between ingrain and engrain.

What is the Difference Between Ingrained and Engrained?

In this post, I will compare ingrain vs. engrain. I will outline which of these spellings is more common and more appropriate for your writing.

Plus, I will show you a helpful memory tool that will make choosing either engrain or ingrain much easier.

When to Use Ingrain

ingrained versus engrained What does ingrain mean? Ingrain is a verb that means to impress deeply.

It is a regular verb and can be conjugated in the following ways,

  • I/we ingrain: First person singular and plural present
  • You ingrain: second person singular and plural present
  • He/she/it ingrains: third person singular present
  • They ingrain: third person plural present
  • Ingraining: present participle
  • Ingrained: simple past

Ingrain can apply to many contexts. A perspective might become ingrained into a person’s thinking, for instance, so that he doesn’t even recognize its influence anymore. With enough pressure, a mark could be ingrained into a surface, like tire tracks on a dirt road.

Here are a few more examples,

  • Shelby listed to the new Rihanna song so many times that the words became ingrained into her consciousness, and it was stuck in her head all day.
  • Percy ingrained the golden rule into his second graders so that every time they wanted to be mean to a classmate, they heard his voice telling them “do unto others and you would them to do unto you.”
  • Stephen Drew, the Red Sox shortstop that season, back with the Yankees on Friday night, said those memories remained powerfully ingrained just from walking the downtown streets. –The New York Times

The adjective form of ingrain is ingrained.

When to Use Engrain

define ingrain define engrain What does engrain mean? Engrain is an alternative spelling of the same word. It is considered correct, but its usage is rare.

This chart shows the relative usage of the verbs engrain vs. ingrain,

definition of ingrained definition of engrained definition

This chart is not exhaustive in its literary scope, since it only looks at books published in English since 1800. Still, it shows a clear long-term usage trend in favor of ingrain.

The same trend holds true in both American and British English.

The adjective form of engrain is engrained.

Trick to Remember the Difference

You can use either of these words in your own writing; they are interchangeable.

Your readers are more likely to be familiar with ingrain. Unless you have a compelling reason to do otherwise (like specific instructions from an editor or professor), you should default to ingrain over engrain.

Since ingrain starts with an I, like the similar word ingrown, remind yourself to always use ingrain until it becomes inseparable from your memory, the same way an ingrown toenail is painfully inseparable from your foot.

Summary

Is it ingrained or engrained? Ingrain is a verb that means to impress something deeply or permanently. Engrain is an alternative spelling, but it is not as common and not as widely recognized.

  • Default to ingrain/ingrained in your writing.
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