Imperative mood definition: The imperative mood is the grammatical form used when giving a command or a request.
What is Imperative Mood?
Imperative mood meaning: When forming a request or command, a sentence is written in the imperative mood.
Imperative Mood Examples:
- Lindsey, please go clean your room.
- After you have cleaned your room, take the trash out to the garage.
- Don’t stop on second base; run to third!
What is Mood? – Grammatical Moods Explained
What does mood mean? Mood, in the grammatical sense, is the form in which a verb takes to show how it should be regarded. Is the writer expressing a fact, a command, or something hypothetical? The mood of the verb indicates this.
In English, there are many different grammatical moods. Here, we will briefly outline three: indicative, imperative and subjunctive.
The indicative mood expresses a statement or a question.
Indicative Mood Examples:
- My goals for the year are to read and exercise more.
- Are you going to the midnight showing of the new Harry Potter movie?
The imperative mood expresses a command.
Imperative Mood Examples:
- Please go walk the dog.
- Turn the music down, so I can hear the news.
The subjunctive mood expresses a situation that is doubtful, hypothetical, not factual.
Subjunctive Mood Examples:
- If she were to be elected mayor, the city would be in trouble.
- If I were you, I would be careful of what I wish for because you may be filled with regrets.
What Does the Imperative Mood Communicate?
The imperative mood communicates a command to your readers or listeners. There are few different types of commands that the imperative mood will indicate.
Types of Commands
Positive Command: A positive command is used to encourage someone to take action with your request.
- Pay your bills on time.
- Walk the dog before it starts raining.
Negative Command: A negative command used to encourage someone to stop doing an action.
- Don’t talk with your mouth full of food.
- Stop arguing with your brother.
Polite Request: These positive commands will include a word or phrase of encouragement such as “please” or “shall/will.”
- Please, refrain from cell phone use during instructional time.
- Hold the door, please.
- Stop the car, will you?
Command Including You: these commands will include the speaker in the requested action.
- Let’s go to the grocery store before we go home.
- Let’s listen to what the speaker has to say because it may be important.
Structure of an Imperative Sentence
With imperative sentences, you will notice that they will typically start with a verb and do not include a subject. This is because these sentences have an implied subject of you.
While the sentence may include “you” at the beginning, it isn’t necessary.
Imperative You Examples:
Here are some examples of what the imperative sentence looks like with/without you added as the subject.
- Pay your bills on time. > You need to pay your bills on time.
- Stop arguing with your brother. > You, stop arguing with your brother.
Notice, because we are asking someone to do something when we use the imperative mood, our verbs are written in the present tense.
- Run to the end of the block and back five times.
- Read your novel everyday for 20 minutes.
Summary: What Does Imperative Mood Mean?
Define imperative mood: The imperative mood is a form that expresses a command or request.
- Enjoy your summer vacation in the Bahamas.
- Let’s talk when you get back home.