In general, capitalize the proper name of a specific legislative body abroad. For example,
- the Knesset
- the Diet
The most frequent names in use are “Congress,” “National Assembly,” and “Parliament.”
Lowercase “parliament” or a similar term only when used generically to describe a body for which the formal name is being given. For example,
- the Diet, Japan’s parliament
Lowercase “parliament” or similar terms in plural constructions. For example,
- the parliaments of England and France
- the English and French parliaments
The principle applies also to individual houses of the nation’s legislature, just as “Senate” and “House” are capitalized in the United States. For example,
- ROME (AP) – New Leaders have taken control in the Camber of Deputies.
Lowercase “assembly” when used as a shortened reference to national assembly.
In many countries, “national assembly” is the name of a unicameral legislative body. In some, such as France, it is the name for the lower house of a legislative body known by some other name such as “parliament.”