Latitude is the distance north or south of the equator and is designated by parallels.
Longitude is the distance east or west of Greenwich, England, and is designated by meridians.
Use these forms to express degrees of latitude and longitude. For example,
- New York City lies at 40 degrees 45 minutes north latitude and 74 degrees 0 minutes west longitude.
- New York City lies south of the 41st parallel north and along the 74th meridian west.