English is widely spoken in many parts of the world. Due to various geographic and cultural barriers, two main variations have emerged: American and British English. Each variant has some of its own words, and some words that are spelled slightly differently.
It can be difficult to remember that some words have multiple spellings at all, let alone which words they are and which variant is appropriate to which version of English.
Apologise and apologize are two variants of the same word, but one is more common in American English and the other more common in British English.
What is the Difference Between Apologise and Apologize?
In this article, I will compare apologise vs. apologize. I’ll use each in a sentence to illustrate their function, and, then, I’ll give you a useful trick to remember which is which.
When to Use Apologise
What does apologise mean? Apologise and apologize are the British and American variants of the verb that means to admit fault or to express remorse.
Apologise is the British variant. Even in the British English speaking community, however, it is still not universally accepted, as apologize is older and had been considered standard for a long time.
Here are some examples of how to use apologise.
- “Apologise to your sister right now,” said the girl’s mother.
- If the athlete wants to rejoin the team, he must apologise for his poor attitude.
- “To apologise is to admit weakness,” the investigator retorted.
- Boris Johnson, the new foreign secretary, has brushed aside claims that he is a liar and that should apologise for offensive comments he has made in the past about foreign leaders in his first press conference as foreign secretary. –The Guardian
When to Use Apologize
What does apologize mean? Apologize is the American English variant of the same verb: to apologize. It is older and is more common still today.
The graph below shows the usage of apologise vs. apologize in books written in English as a whole since 1800. The difference is even more pronounced when you look at just American English.
This chart is not an entirely complete picture, since it doesn’t contain data from newspapers, periodicals, court documents, or other sources. It is still a practical illustration of a long-term trend.
Apologize has always been standard in American English, and was standard in British English until it was overtaken by apologise.
Here in an example of how to use apologize.
- Although Mr. Horn apologized for the deception and even said he felt deceived by the scandal, he came under withering criticism for not delivering a concrete deadline for fixing most of the cars, and not providing more details about how the scheme was conceived or who was responsible. –The New York Times
Trick to Remember: Apologize vs. Apologise
How to spell apologize? Many people have trouble choosing apologize or apologise in their writing. If your spell checker doesn’t help you, you can always remember that apologize and Arizona are both words that contain a Z, as well as both being words that are commonly used in America.
Is it apologize of apologise? Many words have alternate spellings in British or American English.
The verb apologize is one such word—outside of North America, the word is commonly (but not always) spelled with an S replacing the Z, to form apologise. Apologize is older, and is still standard in American English.
In British English, it has been replaced by apologise.
To remember whether you should use apologise or apologize, keep in mind that the Z in Arizona and apologize marks them each as American words. Both words are used the same way, but in formal writing, you will want to consider your audience when choosing which variant to use. If you still need help remembering, you can refer back to this article for a quick and easy reminder.
- Apologise is the British spelling.
- Apologize is the American spelling.